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5-Foot Step

D&D Terminology: 5-Foot Step
In Dungeons & Dragons (D&D), the term "5-foot step" refers to a specific type of movement that a character can take during their turn in combat. This mechanic allows a character to move a short distance—typically 5 feet—without provoking attacks of opportunity from nearby enemies. The 5-foot step is a tactical maneuver that enables characters to adjust their position on the battlefield without exposing themselves to potential attacks.

Dungeons & Dragons 5th Edition (D&D 5e) does not officially include the "5-Foot Step" rule as it was known in previous editions, such as 3.5. Instead, D&D 5e introduces the concept of movement within combat that doesn't provoke opportunity attacks under certain conditions, mainly through the Disengage action or specific class features and abilities.

Key Points about the 5-Foot Step:

1. Tactical Movement: The 5-foot step is a tactical movement option available to characters during combat rounds. It allows them to make a small adjustment in their position while still maintaining their focus on the battle.

2. No Attacks of Opportunity: One of the key benefits of taking a 5-foot step is that it does not provoke attacks of opportunity from adjacent enemies. In D&D, attacks of opportunity occur when a character leaves a threatened square, typically by moving out of an opponent's reach. However, a 5-foot step is considered a careful and controlled movement, and opponents do not get the opportunity to make free attacks against the character taking the step.

3. Defensive Manoeuvre: Characters often use the 5-foot step to reposition themselves defensively. For example, a character might step back to create space between themselves and an enemy, making it harder for the enemy to attack without moving closer.

4. Spellcasting and Ranged Attacks: Spellcasters and ranged attackers often use the 5-foot step to maintain their distance from melee enemies while still being able to cast spells or make ranged attacks. This allows them to stay out of harm's way while contributing to combat.

5. Limitations: Characters can only take one 5-foot step per round, and it can only be done on their turn during the movement phase. Additionally, a character cannot take a 5-foot step if they have already taken a move action in the same turn.

6. Grid-Based Combat: The 5-foot step is particularly relevant in grid-based combat systems, where the battlefield is divided into squares or hexes. In such systems, the 5-foot step is a convenient way to track and measure movement accurately.

Roleplaying and Strategy:
- The decision to take a 5-foot step can be a strategic one, and it often reflects a character's combat awareness and ability to position themselves effectively on the battlefield.
- It can also be used to create interesting tactical situations, such as luring enemies into unfavourable positions or allowing allies to reposition themselves more safely.

In summary, the "5-foot step" is a tactical movement option in Dungeons & Dragons that allows characters to make a small, controlled adjustment in their position during combat rounds without provoking attacks of opportunity. It is a valuable manoeuvre for maintaining defensive positions, spellcasting, or ranged attacks while minimizing the risk of being engaged in melee combat.

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